The Treasury of David

Charles Spurgeon


Verse 1. We have, in these first three verses, a description of the hatred of men against the Messiah. No better comment is needed upon it than the apostolic song in Acts 4:27,28: "For of a truth against your holy child Jesus, whom you have anointed, both Herod, and Pontius Pilate, with the Gentiles, and the people of Israel, were gathered together, for to do whatever your hand and your counsel determined before to be done."

The Psalm begins abruptly with an angry interrogation; and well it may: it is surely but little to be wondered at, that the sight of creatures in arms against their God, should amaze the psalmist's mind.

We see the heathen raging, roaring like the sea, tossed to and fro with restless waves, as the ocean in a storm; and then we mark the people in their hearts imagining a vain thing against God. Where there is much rage—there is generally some folly, and in this case there is an excess of it!

"Rage." The word with which Paul renders this in the Greek, denotes rage, pride, and restiveness, as of horses that neigh, and rush into the battle.

Verse 2. Note, that the commotion is not caused by the people only—but their leaders foment the rebellion! "The many had done their part, and now the mighty show themselves!" John Trapp.

The kings of the earth set themselves. In determined malice they arrayed themselves in opposition against God. It was not temporary rage—but deep seated hate, for they set themselves resolutely to withstand the Prince of Peace!

And the rulers take counsel together. They go about their warfare craftily, not with foolish haste—but deliberately. They use all the skill which human wisdom can give. Like Pharaoh, they cry, "Let us deal wisely with them." O that men were half as careful in God's service to serve him wisely, as his enemies are to attack his kingdom craftily. Sinners have their wits about them, and yet saints are dull. But what say they? What is the meaning of this commotion?

They gather together. But why did they band themselves against the Lord, or against his Anointed? What was their desire of him? To have his goods? No, he had none for himself; but they were richer than he. To have his liberty? Nay, that would not suffice them, for they had bound him before. To bring the people unto dislike of him? Nay, that would not serve them, for they had done so already, until even his disciples were fled from him. What would they have, then? his blood? Yes, "they took counsel", says Matthew, "to put him to death." They had the devil's mind, which is not satisfied but with death. And how do they contrive it? He says, "they took counsel about it." Henry Smith, 1578

Against Jehovah and against his Anointed. What an honor it was to David to be thus publicly associated with Jehovah! And because he was HIS anointed, to be an object of hatred and scorn to the ungodly world! If this very circumstance fearfully augmented the guilt, and sealed the doom of these infatuated heathen, surely it was that which above everything else would preserve the mind of David calm and serene, yes, peaceful and joyful notwithstanding the proud and boastful vauntiness of his enemies.

When writing this Psalm, David was like a man in a storm, who hears only the roaring of the tempest, or sees nothing but the raging billows threatening destruction on every side of him. And yet his faith enabled him to say, The people imagine a vain thing. They cannot succeed. They cannot defeat the counsels of heaven. They cannot injure the Lord's Anointed. David Pitcairn, 1851.

Verse 1-2. These verses show that all trust in man in the service of God is vain. Inasmuch as men oppose Christ, it is not good to hang our trust upon the multitude for their number, the earnest for their zeal, the mighty for their countenance, or the wise for their counsel, since all these are far oftener against Christ than for him.

Verse 3. Let us break their bands asunder. That is, "Let us be free to commit all manner of abominations. Let us be our own gods. Let us rid ourselves of all restraint."

Gathering impudence by the traitorous proposition of rebellion, they add— let us cast away; as if it were an easy matter, "let us fling off their cords from us." What! O you kings, do you think yourselves Samsons? and are the bands of Omnipotence but as threads before you? Do you dream that you shall snap to pieces and destroy the mandates of God—the decrees of the Most High—as if they were but threads? and do you say, "Let us cast away their cords from us?" Yes! There are monarchs who have spoken thus, and there are still rebels upon thrones.

However mad the resolution to revolt from God, it is one in which man has persevered ever since his creation, and he continues in it to this very day. The glorious reign of Jesus in the latter day will not be consummated, until a terrible struggle has convulsed the nations. His coming will be as a refiner's fire, and like fuller's soap, and the day thereof shall burn as an oven! Earth hates her rightful monarch—but clings to the usurper's sway! The terrible conflicts of the last days will illustrate both the world's love of sin—and Jehovah's power to give the kingdom to his only Begotten Son. To a graceless neck—the yoke of Christ is intolerable—but to the saved sinner—it is easy and light. We may judge ourselves by this—do we love that yoke, or do we wish to cast it from us?

Resolved they were to run riot, as lawless, and aweless, and therefore they slander the sweet laws of Christ's kingdom as bonds and thick cords, which are signs of slavery. Jer 27:2,6-7. But what says our Savior? "My yoke is easy, and my burden is light." The law of Christ is no more burden to a regenerate man—than wings to a bird. John Trapp.

The true reason of the opposition of sinners to Christ's truth, is their hatred of the restraints of godliness.

Verse 4. Let us now turn our eyes from the wicked counsel chamber and raging tumult of man—to the secret place of the majesty of the Most High God. See God's derision of the rebellious, both now and hereafter.

What does God say? What will the King do unto the men who reject his only begotten Son, the Heir of all things? Mark the quiet dignity of the Omnipotent One, and the contempt which he pours upon the princes and their raging people. He has not taken the trouble to rise up and do battle with them—he despises them, he knows how absurd, how irrational, how futile are their attempts against him—he therefore laughs at them.

He who sits in the heavens. Hereby it is clearly intimated,

(1) that the Lord is far above all their malice and power,

(2) that he sees all their plots, looking down on all;

(3) that he is of omnipotent power, and so can do with his enemies as he desires. "Our God is in the heavens! He has done whatever he pleased." Psalm 115:3. Arthur Jackson, 1643.

The One enthroned in heaven laughs; the Lord scoffs at them! Sinners' follies are the righteous sport of God's infinite wisdom and power; and those attempts of the kingdom of Satan, which in our eyes are formidable, in God's eyes are despicable. Matthew Henry.

He who sits in the heavens shall laugh. They scoff at us—but God laughs at them. Laugh? This seems like a harsh word at the first view. But are the injuries of his saints, the cruelties of their enemies, the derision, the persecution of all that are round about us—no more but matter of laughter? He laughs—but it is in scorn; he scorns—but it is with vengeance. Short is the joy of the wicked! Oh, what are God's frowns, if his smiles are so terrible! Thomas Adams.

The expression, He who sits in the heavens, at once fixes our thoughts on a being infinitely exalted above impotent man. And when it is said, "HE shall laugh," this word is designed to convey to our minds the idea, that the greatest confederacies among kings and peoples, and their most extensive and vigorous preparations, to defeat HIS purposes or to injure HIS servants—are in HIS sight altogether insignificant and worthless. HE looks upon their poor and puny efforts, not only without uneasiness or fear—but HE laughs at their folly! HE treats their impotency with derision. He knows how HE can crush them like a moth when HE pleases, or consume them in a moment with the breath of HIS mouth. How profitable it is for us to be reminded of truths such as these! Ah! it is indeed a vain thing for the potsherds of the earth to strive with the glorious Majesty of Heaven! David Pitcairn

Verse 5. The voice of wrath. One of a series of sermons upon the voices of the divine attributes. After he has laughed he shall speak; he needs not smite; the breath of his lips is enough. At the moment when their power is at its height, and their fury most violent, then shall his Word go forth against them. And what is it, that he says? It is a very galling sentence— Yet, says he, "despite your malice, despite your tumultuous gatherings, despite the wisdom of your counsels, despite the craft of your leaders, yet have I set my king upon my holy hill of Zion." Is not that a grand exclamation! He has already done that which the enemy seeks to prevent!

While they are proposing—he has disposed the matter. Jehovah's will is done, and man's will frets and raves in vain! God's Anointed is appointed, and shall not be disappointed. Look back through all the ages of infidelity, hearken to the high and hard things which men have spoken against the Most High, listen to the rolling thunder of earth's volleys against the Majesty of heaven—and then think that God is saying all the while, "Yet have I set my king upon my holy hill of Zion."

Vex them; either by horror of conscience, or physical plagues; one way or the other he will have his pennyworths of them, as he always has had the persecutors of his people. John Trapp.

It is easy for God to destroy his foes. Behold Pharaoh, his wise men, his armies and his horses plunging and sinking like lead in the Red sea. Here is the end of one of the greatest plots ever formed against God's chosen. Of thirty Roman emperors, governors of provinces, and others high in office, who distinguished themselves by their zeal and bitterness in persecuting the early Christians, one became speedily deranged after some atrocious cruelty, one was slain by his own son, one became blind, the eyes of one bulged out of his head, one was drowned, one was strangled, one died in a miserable captivity, one fell dead in a manner that will not bear recital, one died of so loathsome a disease that several of his physicians were put to death because they could not abide the stench that filled his room, two committed suicide, a third attempted it—but had to call for help to finish the work, five were assassinated by their own people or servants, five others died the most miserable and excruciating deaths, several of them having an untold complication of diseases, and eight were killed in battle, or after being taken prisoners. Among these was Julian the apostate. In the days of his prosperity he is said to have pointed his dagger to heaven defying the Son of God, whom he commonly called the Galilean. But when he was wounded in battle, he saw that all was over with him, and he gathered up his clotted blood, and threw it into the air, exclaiming, "You have conquered, O Galilean." Voltaire has told us of the agonies of Charles the 9th of France, which drove the blood through the pores of the skin of that miserable monarch, after his cruelties and treachery to the Christians. William S. Plumer, 1867.

Verse 6. "Yet have I set my king upon my holy hill of Zion." Yet Jesus reigns, yet he sees the travail of his soul, and "his unsuffering kingdom yet shall come" when he shall take unto himself his great power, and reign from the river unto the ends of the earth. Even now he reigns in Zion, and our glad lips sound forth the praises of the Prince of Peace. Greater conflicts may here be foretold—but we may be confident that victory will be given to our Lord and King. Glorious triumphs are yet to come—hasten them, we pray you, O Lord! It is Zion's glory and joy that her King is in her, guarding her from foes, and filling her with good things.

Jesus sits upon the throne of grace, and the throne of power in the midst of his church. In him is Zion's best safeguard; let her citizens be glad in him.

"Your walls are strength, and at your gates
A guard of heavenly warriors waits;
Nor shall your deep foundations move,
Fixed on his counsels and his love.

Your foes in vain designs engage;
Against his throne in vain they rage,
Like rising waves, with angry roar,
That dash and die upon the shore."

Yet have I set my King. Notice—
1. The royal office and character of our glorious Redeemer: he is a King, "This name he has on his vesture and on his thigh." Re 19:16.

2. The authority by which he reigns; he is "my King," says God the Father, and I have set him up from everlasting: "The Father judges no man; but has committed all judgment unto the Son." The world disowns his authority—but I own it; I have set him, I have "given him to be head over all things to the church."

3. His particular kingdom over which he rules; it is over "my holy hill of Zion"—an eminent type of the gospel church. The temple was built upon Mount Zion and therefore called a holy hill. Christ's throne is in his church, it is his head-quarters, and the place of his peculiar residence.

Notice the firmness of the divine purpose with respect unto this matter. "Yet have I set" him "King;" that is, whatever be the plots of hell and earth to the contrary, he reigns by his Father's ordination. Stephen Charnock, 1628-1680.

Verse 6. Yet have I set my KING, etc.

Jesus Christ is a threefold King:
, his enemies' King;
, his saints' King;
, his Father's King.

First, Christ is his enemies' King, that is—he is King over his enemies. Christ is a King above all kings. What are all the mighty men, the great, the honorable men of the earth, as compared to Jesus Christ? They are but like a little bubble in the water; for if all the nations, in comparison to God, be but as the drop of the bucket, or the dust of the balance, as the prophet speaks in Isa 40:15, how little then must be the kings of the earth! Nay, beloved, Christ Jesus is not only higher than kings—but he is higher than the angels; yes, he is the head of angels, and, therefore, all the angels in heaven are commanded to worship him. Col 2:12 Heb 1:6 ... He is King over all kingdoms, over all nations, over all governments, over all powers, over all people. Da 7:14 ... The very heathen are given to Christ, and the uttermost parts of the earth for his possession. Psalm 2:8

Secondly, Jesus Christ is his saints' King. He is King of the bad, and of the good; but as for the wicked, he rules over them by his power and might; but the saints, he rules in them by his Spirit and graces. Oh! this is Christ's spiritual kingdom, and here he rules in the hearts of his people, here he rules over their consciences, over their wills, over their affections, over their judgments and understandings, and nobody has anything to do here but Christ. Christ is not only the King of nations—but the King of saints; the one he rules over, the other he rules in.

Thirdly. Jesus Christ is his Father's King too, and so his Father calls him: "I have set MY King upon my holy hill of Zion." Well may he be our King, when he is God's King. But you may say, how is Christ the Father's King? Because he rules for his Father. There is a twofold kingdom of God committed to Jesus Christ; first, a spiritual kingdom, by which he rules in the hearts of his people, and so is King of saints; and, secondly, a providential kingdom, by which he rules the affairs of this world, and so he is King of nations. William Dyer's Christ's Famous Titles, 1665.

Verse 7. The divine decree concerning Christ, in connection with the decrees of election and providence. The Sonship of Jesus. This Psalm wears something of a dramatic form, for now another person is introduced as speaking. We have looked into the council chamber of the wicked, and to the throne of God, and now we behold the Anointed One declaring his rights of sovereignty, and warning the traitors of their doom.

God has laughed at the counsel and ravings of the wicked, and now Christ the Anointed himself comes forward, as the Risen Redeemer, "declared to be the Son of God with power, according to the spirit of holiness, by the resurrection from the dead." Ro 1:4. Looking into the angry faces of the rebellious kings, the Anointed One seems to say, "If this suffices not to make you silent" I will declare the decree. Now this decree is directly in conflict with the device of man, for its tenor is the establishment of the very dominion against which the nations are raving.

You are my Son. Here is a noble proof of the glorious Divinity of our Immanuel. "For unto which of the angels said he at any time, You are my Son, this day have I begotten you?" What a mercy to have a Divine Redeemer in whom to rest our confidence!

This day have I begotten you. If this refers to the Godhead of our Lord, let us not attempt to fathom it, for it is a great truth, a truth reverently to be received—but not irreverently to be questioned. It may be added, that if this relates to the Begotten One in his human nature, we must here also rejoice in the mystery—but not attempt to violate its sanctity by intrusive prying into the secrets of the Eternal God. The things which are revealed are enough, without venturing into vain speculations. In attempting to define the Trinity, or unveil the essence of Divinity, many men have lost themselves: here great ships have foundered. What have we to do in such a sea—with our frail skiffs?

The dispute concerning the eternal sonship of our Lord betrays more of presumptuous curiosity, than of reverent faith. It is an attempt to explain—where it is far better to adore. The controversy is one of the most unprofitable which ever engaged the pens of theologians.

Verse 8. Ask of me. It was a custom among great kings, to give to favored ones whatever they might ask. (Es 5:6 Mt 14:7.) So Jesus has but to ask—and have. Here he declares that his very enemies are his inheritance. To their face he declares this decree, and "Lo! here", cries the Anointed One, as he holds aloft in that once pierced hand the scepter of his power, "He has given me this, not only the right to be a king—but the power to conquer."

As the portrait painter looks on the person whose picture he would take, and draws his lines to answer him with the nearest similitude that he can, so God looks on Christ as the archetype to which he will conform the saint, in suffering, in grace, in glory; yet so that Christ has the preeminence in all. Every saint must suffer, because Christ suffered: Christ must not have a delicate body under a crucified head; yet never any suffered, or could suffer, what he endured. Christ is holy, and therefore so shall every saint be—but in an inferior degree; an image cut in clay cannot be so exact as that engraved on gold. Now, our conformity to Christ appears, that as the promises made to him were performed upon his prayers to his Father, his promises made to his saints are given to them in the same way of prayer: Ask of me, says God to his Son, and I shall give you. And the apostle tells us, "You have not, because you ask not." God has promised support to Christ in all his conflicts. Isa 42:1. "Behold my servant, whom I uphold;" yet he prayed "with strong cries and tears," when his feet stood within the shadow of death. A seed is promised to him, and victory over his enemies, yet for both these he prays. Christ toward us acts as a king—but toward his Father as a priest. All he speaks to God is by prayer and intercession. So the saints, the promise makes them kings over their lusts, conquerors over their enemies; but it makes them priests toward God, by prayer humbly to sue out these great things given in the promise. William Gurnall, 1617-1679.

Verse 9. "You will break them with an iron scepter; you will dash them to pieces like pottery." The ruin of the wicked is certain, irresistible, terrible, complete and irretrievable! Yes! Jehovah has given to his Anointed a rod of iron with which he shall break rebellious nations in pieces, and, despite their imperial strength, they shall be but as pottery, easily dashed into shivers, when the rod of iron is in the hand of the omnipotent Son of God. Those who will not bend—must break. Pottery cannot to be restored if dashed in pieces, and the ruin of sinners will be hopeless if Jesus shall smite them.

"You sinners seek his grace,
Whose wrath you cannot bear;
Fly to the shelter of his cross,
And find salvation there!"

The rod has a variety of meanings in Scripture. It might be of different materials, as it was employed for different purposes. At an early period, a wooden rod came into use as one of the insignia of royalty, under the name of scepter. By degrees the scepter grew in importance, and was regarded as characteristic of an empire, or of the reign of some particular king. A golden scepter denoted wealth and pomp. The straight scepter, of which we read in Psalm 45:6, is expressive of the justice and uprightness, the truth and equity, which shall distinguish Messiah's reign, after his kingdom on earth has been established. But when it is said in Re 19:15, that he, "whose name is called the Word of God," will smite the nations, and "rule them with a rod of iron," if the rod signifies "his scepter," then the "iron" of which it is made must be designed to express the severity of the judgments which the omnipotent "King of kings" will inflict on all who resist his authority. But to me it appears doubtful whether the "rod of iron" symbolizes the royal scepter of the Son of God at his second advent. It is mentioned in connection with "a sharp sword," which leads me to prefer the opinion that it also ought to be regarded as a weapon of war; at all events, the "rod of iron" mentioned in the Psalm we are endeavoring to explain is evidently not the emblem of sovereign power, although represented as in the hands of a king—but an instrument of correction and punishment. In this sense the word "rod" is often used.

When the correcting rod, is represented as in this second Psalm, to be of "iron," it only indicates how weighty, how severe, how effectual the threatened chastisement will be—it will not merely bruise—but it will break. You shall break them with a rod of iron.

Now it is just such a complete breaking as would not readily be effected excepting by an iron rod, that is more fully expressed in the following clause of the verse, "You shall dash them in pieces like pottery." The completeness of the destruction, however, depends on two things.

Even an iron rod, if gently used, or used against a hard and firm substance, might cause little injury; but, in the case before us, it is supposed to be applied with great force, "You shall dash them;" and it is applied to what will prove as brittle and frangible as pottery, "You shall dash them in pieces." Here, as in other respects, we must feel that the predictions and promises of this Psalm were but very partially fulfilled in the history of the literal David. Their real accomplishment, their solemn completion, abides the day when the spiritual David shall come in glory and in majesty as Zion's King, with a rod of iron to dash in pieces the great anti-Christian confederacy of kings and peoples, and to take possession of his long promised and dearly purchased inheritance. And the signs of the times seem to indicate that the coming of the Lord draws near. David Pitcairn.

Verse 10. "Now then, you kings, act wisely! Be warned, you rulers of the earth!" True wisdom, fit for kings and judges, lies in obeying Christ. The gospel, a school for those who would learn how to rule and judge well. They may consider its principles, its exemplar, its spirit, etc.

The scene again changes, and counsel is given to those who have taken counsel to rebel. They are exhorted to obey, and give the kiss of homage and affection to him whom they have hated.

Be wise. It is always wise to be willing to be instructed, especially when such instruction tends to the salvation of the soul. "Now then, you kings, act wisely!" delay no longer—but let good reason weigh with you. Your warfare cannot succeed, therefore desist and yield cheerfully to him who will make you bow if you refuse his yoke. O how wise, how infinitely wise is obedience to Jesus—and how dreadful is the folly of those who continue to be his enemies!

As Jesus is King of kings and Judge of judges, so the gospel is the teacher of the greatest and wisest. If any are so great as to spurn its admonitions, God will make little of them; and if they are so wise as to despise its teachings, their fancied wisdom shall make fools of them. The gospel takes a high tone before the rulers of the earth, and they who preach it should, like Knox and Melvill, magnify their office by bold rebukes and manly utterances even in the royal presence. A clerical sycophant is only fit to be a scullion in the devil's kitchen.

Verse 11. Serve the Lord with fear. True religion is a compound of many virtues and emotions.

Let reverence and humility be mingled with your service. He is a great God, and you are but puny creatures; bend you, therefore, in lowly worship, and let a filial fear mingle with all your obedience to the great Father of the Ages.

Rejoice with trembling. There must ever be a holy fear mixed with the Christian's joy. This is a sacred compound, yielding a sweet fragrance, and we must see to it that we burn no other upon God's altar. Fear without joy, is torment; and joy without holy fear, would be presumption.

The fear of God promotes spiritual joy; it is the morning star which ushers in the sunlight of comfort. "Walking in the fear of God, and in the comfort of the Holy Spirit." God mingles joy with fear, that fear may not be slavish. Thomas Watson, 1660.

Verse 12. "Kiss the Son, lest he be angry, and you be destroyed in your way, for his wrath can flare up in a moment. Blessed are all who put their trust in him."

Mark the solemn argument for reconciliation and obedience. It is an awful thing to perish in the midst of sin, in the very way of rebellion; and yet how easily could his wrath destroy us suddenly. It needs not that his anger should be heated seven times hotter; let the fuel kindle but a little, and we are consumed. O sinner! Take heed of the terrors of the Lord; for "our God is a consuming fire."

Note the blessing with which the Psalm closes: Blessed are all who put their trust in him. Have we a share in this blessedness? Do we trust in him? Our faith may be slender as a spider's thread; but if it is real, we are in our measure blessed. The more we trust, the more fully shall we know this blessedness. We may therefore close the Psalm with the prayer of the apostles, "Lord, increase our faith."

The first Psalm was a contrast between the righteous man—and the lost sinner; the second Psalm is a contrast between the tumultuous disobedience of the ungodly world—and the sure exaltation of the righteous Son of God. In the first Psalm, we saw the wicked driven away like chaff; in the second Psalm we see them broken in pieces like a potter's vessel. In the first Psalm, we beheld the righteous like a tree planted by the rivers of water; and here, we contemplate Christ the Covenant Head of the righteous, made better than a tree planted by the rivers of water, for he is made king of all the islands, and all the heathen bow before him and kiss the dust; while he himself gives a blessing to all those who put their trust in him. The two Psalms are worthy of the very deepest attention; they are, in fact, the preface to the entire Book of Psalms, and were by some of the ancients, joined into one.

They are, however, two Psalms; for Paul speaks of this as the second Psalm (Acts 13:33). The first shows us the character and lot of the righteous; and the next teaches us that the Psalms are Messianic, and speak of Christ the Messiah—the Prince who shall reign from the river even unto the ends of the earth. That they have both a far reaching prophetic outlook we are well assured—but we do not feel competent to open up that matter, and must leave it to abler hands.

A sign of love among equals.
A sign of subjection in inferiors.
A sign of religious adoration in worshipers.
John Richardson, 1655.

Kiss the Son, lest he be angry. From the Person, the Son, we shall pass to the act (kiss the Son); in which we shall see, that since this is an act which licentious men have depraved (carnal men do it, and treacherous men do it—Judas betrayed his Master by a kiss), and yet God commands this, and expresses love in this. Everything that has, or may be abused, must not therefore be abandoned.

Then let us consider and magnify the goodness of God, who has brought us into this distance, that we may kiss the Son, that the expressing of this love lies in our hands, and that, whereas the love of the church, in the Old Testament, even in the Canticle, went no farther but to "O that he would kiss me with the kisses of his mouth!" So 1:1, now, in the Christian church, and in the visitation of a Christian soul, he has invited us, enables us to kiss him, for he is presently among us.

This leads us to give an earnest persuasion and exhortation to kiss the Son, with all those affections, which we shall there find to be expressed in the Scriptures, in that testimony of true love, a holy kiss. But then, lest that persuasion by love should not be effectual and powerful enough to us, we shall descend from that duty, to the danger, from love, to fear, "lest he be angry;" and therein see first, that God, who is love, can be angry; and then, that this God who is angry here, is the Son of God, he who has done so much for us, and therefore in justice may be angry; he who is our Judge, and therefore in reason we are to fear his anger! And then, in a third branch, we shall see how easily this anger departs—a kiss removes it.

Kiss the Son. That is, embrace him, depend upon him as your sovereign. Kiss him, and be not ashamed of kissing him.

"Lest he be angry." Anger, as it is a passion that troubles, and disorders, and discomposes a man—is not in God; but anger, as it is a sensible discerning of foes from friends, and of things that conduce, or disconduce to his glory—so it is in God. When God inflicts such punishments as a king justly incensed would do, then God is thus angry. Now here, our case is heavier; it is not this great, and almighty, and majestic God, that may be angry—that is bad enough; but even the Son, whom we must kiss, may be angry. From Sermons of John Donne.

Verse 12. Kiss the Son. To make peace with the Father—kiss the Son. "Let him kiss me," was the church's prayer. Song 1:2. Let us kiss him—that is our endeavor. Indeed, the Son must first kiss us by his mercy—before we can kiss him by our piety. Lord, grant in these mutual kisses and interchangeable embraces now, that we may come to the wedding supper hereafter; when the choir of heaven, even the voices of angels, shall sing nuptial songs, at the wedding of the spouse of the Lamb. Thomas Adams.

Verse 12. His wrath. Unspeakable must the wrath of God be when it is kindled fully, since perdition may come upon the kindling of it but a little. John Newton.