In the preceding articles we have treated of a legal
and licentious spirit—as they exist in and are exercised by the
individual. On the present occasion, we shall show how they are
manifested in preaching—but before doing so, we will seek to dispose of a
difficulty. It may be thought strange that two elements so diverse as
legality and lawlessness should meet in the same person, for
while it is true that the one predominates much more than the other
in different men—yet the roots of both are found in everyone, and the
Christian needs to watch against each alike.
The explanation of this anomaly we believe is this: Truth
is twofold, and as the heart of man is radically opposed by nature to the
Truth—his antagonism thereto breaks forth in two distinct directions. This
was exemplified by our Lord when He said, "To what then should I compare the
people of this generation, and what are they like? They are like children
sitting in the marketplace and calling to each other: We played the flute
for you, but you did not dance; we sang a lament, but you did not weep!"
(Luke 7:31, 32). Neither the one nor the other suited them; they despised
The twofoldness of Divine Truth is broadly illustrated by
the dividing of God's Word into its two Testaments, wherein,
characteristically speaking we have set forth the Divine Law and the
Divine Gospel, and where distinctively (though not exclusively) God
is revealed respectively as "Light" and "Love." This same twofoldness of
Truth, appears in each of those grand objects and subjects, though this is
far from being as clearly apprehended as it should be. The LAW which God
gave unto Israel was a dual one, consisting of the Moral and the Ceremonial:
the Moral Law specially exemplifying God's righteousness; and the
Ceremonial Law His grace—the merciful provision which He made and which
was available for those who came under the condemnation of the former.
In like manner, the GOSPEL contains a dual manifestation
of the Divine character and perfections: while it is "the Gospel of the
grace of God" (Acts 20:24) proclaiming the free favor of God to the
undeserving, it is also denominated "the ministry of righteousness" (2 Cor.
3:9) and "the Word of righteousness" (Heb. 5:13). Paul declared, "I am not
ashamed of the Gospel of Christ...for therein is the righteousness of God
revealed" (Romans 1:16, 17).
In view of this twofoldness of Truth, and the opposition
of the carnal mind thereto, it should no more surprise us that such diverse
elements as legality and lawlessness are found in the same
people than we should be to read that Pilate and Herod, who "were at
enmity between themselves," on the day of our Savior's mock trial before
them "were made friends together" (Luke 23:12), and that they made
common cause in opposing and condemning Him.
Legality is the perverting of God's Law.
Lawlessness or licentiousness is the corrupting of the Gospel.
Or, if we speak of these evils as they apply to the distinctive features of
each, legality is the wresting of the righteous element in both the
Law and the Gospel, while licentiousness is the abuse of the grace
element in them. While it is true that grace is the outstanding and
predominant characteristic of the Gospel—yet it must ever be insisted upon,
that it is not a grace which is exercised at the expense of righteousness,
rather does it reign "through righteousness" (Romans 5:21).
Now since it is true that the roots of both legality
and licentiousness are found in every man by nature, it behooves
the servant of God to be on his most prayerful and careful guard against
giving place to either of these evils, for in proportion as he does so—the
Truth is falsified and the souls of his hearers are poisoned.
If he is guilty of preaching in a legalistic
way—person and work of Christ is dishonored, and the spirit of
self-righteousness is fed to those who sit under him. Unless he makes it
crystal clear, that none but Christ can avail the sinner, and that there is
in Him a sufficiency to meet his every need—unless he expresses himself
beyond a doubt of being misunderstood, that the merits of Christ's
righteousness and blood, are the sole means for delivering a believing
sinner from the curse of the broken Law, and his singular title to
everlasting bliss—he has failed at the most vital point of his mission and
duty! The trumpet he is called upon to blow—must give forth no uncertain
sound at this point: nothing but faith in the finished work of Christ, and
nothing added thereto, can supply any sinner with a standing before the
thrice holy God.
On the other hand, it is equally important and essential,
that the minister steer clear of the opposite extreme. If he is guilty of
preaching in a licentious way—then the person and work of Christ is
equally dishonored and the spirit of religious laxity is fostered in
his hearers. Unless he makes it as crystal clear—that God hates sin, all
sin, and will not compromise with or condone it in anyone—unless he declares
and insists that Christ came to save His people from their sins—from
the love of sin, from the dominion of sin—he has failed at the most
essential part of his task.
The great work of the pulpit is to press the
authoritative claims of the Creator and Judge of all the earth—to show how
short we have come of meeting God's just requirements, to announce His
imperative demand of repentance. The sinner must throw down the weapons of
his rebellion and forsake his evil way—before he can trust in Christ to the
saving of his soul. Christ is to be received as King to rule over
him—as well as Priest to atone for him. The sinner must surrender to
Him as his rightful Lord—before he can embrace Him as his gracious
Such a task as we have briefly outlined above is no easy
one, and only those who are called and qualified by God, are fitted to
discharge it. To preserve the balance of Truth so that the requirements
of righteousness and the riches of grace are equally poised, to
avoid Arminianism on the one side and Antinomianism on the
other side—is an undertaking far beyond the capacity of any "novice" (1 Tim.
3:6). It requires a "workman" and not a lazy man—a diligent student
and not a slothful one—who studies to "show himself approved unto God" (2
Tim. 9:15) and not one who seeks the applause and the dollars of men. Nor
can any human education or self-development of the
intellectual faculty, impart this capacity. No indeed: only in the school
of Christ, can this accomplishment be acquired. Only as the Holy Spirit
is his Teacher can any man be furnished unto such an undertaking. The
preacher must first be taught himself, taught experimentally and
effectually, taught in his soul to love what God loves and hate what God
hates, and then be given wisdom from above to express the same
according to the Scriptural pattern—before he is ready to show unto others
the way of Life.
It is because so many untaught men, unregenerate men, now
occupy the pulpits—that "another gospel" (Galatians 1:6) is being so widely
and generally disseminated. Multitudes who have neither "tasted that the
Lord is gracious" nor have "the fear of the Lord" in them—have from various
motives and considerations, invaded the sacred calling of the ministry and
out of the abundance of their corrupt hearts, they speak. Being blind
themselves, they lead the blind into the ditch! Having no love for the
Shepherd they—have none for the sheep, being but "hirelings." They are
themselves "of the world" and therefore "the world hears them" (1 John 4:5),
for they preach that which is acceptable unto fallen human nature, and as
like attracts like, they gather around themselves a company of admirers who
flatter and support them. They will bring in just enough of God's
Truth to deceive the unwary, and give an appearance of orthodoxy to their
message—but not sufficient of the Truth, especially the searching
portions thereof—to render their hearers uncomfortable by destroying their
false peace. They will name Christ but not preach Him; they
will mention the Gospel but not expound it.
Some of these men will preach legality—under
the pretense of furthering morality and honoring the Divine Law. They will
preach up good works—but lay no foundation upon which they may be built.
They confound justification and sanctification, making personal holiness
to be the ground of the sinner's acceptance before God. They sow their
vineyard with "divers seeds" (Deut. 22:9) so that Law and Gospel, Divine
grace and creature performances are so mingled together that their
distinctive characters are obliterated.
Others preach licentiousness under the guise of
magnifying the grace of God. They omit the Divine call to repentance, say
nothing about the necessity of forsaking our sins if we are to obtain mercy
(Proverbs 28:13), lay no stress upon regeneration as a being made "a new
creature in Christ" (2 Cor. 5:17)—but declare that the sinner has simply to
accept Christ as his personal Savior—though his heart is still proud,
without contrition and thoroughly in love with the world—and that eternal
life is now his. The result of this preaching is well calculated to bolster
up the deluded—for instead of insisting that saving faith is evidenced
by its spiritual fruits, instead of teaching that the Christian life is
a warfare against the world, the flesh and the devil, and that none but the
overcomer will reach Heaven—they are assured—no matter how carnal their
walk—that "once saved, always saved," and thus they are soothed in their
sins, and comforted with a false peace until they awake in Hell. Shun all
such preaching, my reader, as you would a deadly plague. "Cease, my son, to
hear the instruction that causes you to err from the words of knowledge"