32. ON INTELLECTUAL AND
The whole world lies in wickedness, in a state of spiritual darkness. Out of
this darkness, sinners are called by the Gospel; and when, through grace,
they arise and depart out of this valley of the shadow of death, they are
admitted into the marvelous light of the everlasting covenant, and become
the children of light and of the day. Thus they who once were not a people,
become the people of God; and they are called beloved, who were once not
beloved. Those who were afar off are made near by the blood of Christ; and
those who were strangers and foreigners, are made fellow-citizens with the
saints, and of the household of God. Thus grace reigns through righteousness
unto eternal life, by Jesus Christ our Lord.
Hence a most important and vital distinction must be made between mere
intellectual light and the divine illumination of the Holy Spirit; a
distinction which, like a powerful scythe, will cut down many a fair herb,
many a beautiful flower, in the garden of nature. Natural light, improved by
human instruction and study, is confined altogether to the head.
Spiritual light, derived from above, enlightens the understanding, while it
renews and purifies the heart. History furnishes us with many instances of
men endowed with all the riches of science, whose hearts were full of enmity
against God; though some happy exceptions have, through grace, blessed and
benefited the world.
Intellectual light may soften the character, and improve the morals; but
experience testifies that nothing but the power of the Holy Spirit can newly
create the soul. God works by his word. Hence the Scriptural exhortation to
sinners is, "Awake, you that sleep, and arise from the dead, and Christ
shall give you light;" and when divine power accompanies the command, the
dead soul arises to spiritual life and action.
To believers, the command is, "Arise, shine; for your light has come; the
glory of the Lord has risen upon you:" and then new vigor and energy is felt
in these seasons of refreshing, when Jesus arises on his people with healing
in his wings. Spiritual light, thus descending from "the Sun of
righteousness," is received through the medium of the Holy Scriptures, read
with prayer: and through the instrumentality of the Gospel, faithfully
preached, and heard in a spirit of faith. But through whatever channel it is
received, it is always communicated by the Holy Spirit, and is known by its
sanctifying effects on the mind, conscience, and heart.
All who do not possess this spiritual light are in a state of darkness,
however bright and luminous their intellectual light may be. How frequently
do we find men of science and deep research completely blinded, with respect
to the divine science of living to God!
And, what is still more painful, how often do we meet with people, in this
day of Gospel light, who have very clear views of the truth; who are able to
speak, not only fluently upon the mysteries of grace, but even to delight
and edify those who hear them: and yet, who are themselves destitute of true
humility, genuine love to the Savior, and that spiritual-mindedness which is
life and peace. Thus, however illuminated their understandings may be, they
are, in the eye of a heart-searching God, in a state of spiritual blindness.
Surely, then, the above distinction is most important. How many bright
professors does it involve in darkness! how many shining candles does it put
out! "The natural man receives not the things of the Spirit of God, for they
are foolishness unto him; neither can he know them, because they are
spiritually discerned." "Though I understand all mysteries and all
knowledge, and have not charity, I am nothing." "The world, by wisdom, knows
not God." "Oh! that there were such a heart in them, that they would fear me
and keep all my commandments always." "Not every one that says unto me,
Lord, Lord, shall enter into the kingdom of heaven; but he that does the
will of my father which is in heaven." "If you know these things, happy are
you if you do them." These, and many other passages which might be adduced,
prove the immense difference between head knowledge and heart religion. The
former is the pride of the hypocrite; the latter is the portion of the
Oh! my soul, examine well into your real state and condition before God. Do
not be satisfied with how much you know, but see what effect the knowledge
which you have attained has upon the heart and life! Are you acquainted with
your fallen state by nature, and your added wretchedness through actual
transgression? If this awful truth has been admitted into your
understanding, so far it is well. But rest not here. This is merely
intellectual light, if its rays extend no further. Search and see whether
its piercing beams have reached your conscience, and, like forked lightning
in the midst of Sinai's thunder, struck you with conviction and dismay. Like
Saul of Tarsus, has it struck you to the ground, and laid you low in the
dust of deep humiliation?
Without this self-abasing experience of the total corruption of your nature,
and this heart-humbling sense of your own extreme depravity, all your
knowledge is merely human, "taught by the precept of men," and leaves you in
a state of spiritual insensibility; the more dangerous, because the more
liable to make you contented with the barren knowledge of your condition,
and to substitute the shadow for the substance.
With respect to all the other great and glorious doctrines of grace, the
same important questions must be put to the heart; for faith, without works,
is dead. The Christians, to whom Peter wrote, were called "out of darkness
into marvelous light." Have I been thus called by sovereign grace, by
almighty love, into a light which may be denominated "marvelous?" The mere
reception of divine truth into the mind does not deserve this appellation.
But, when the light of truth discovers to myself the hidden evils of my
heart; when it shows me the deformity of sin, the vileness of my nature, and
thus fills me with shame and self-abhorrence, it is, indeed, a "marvelous
When the light of truth reveals to my soul the blessed Jesus in the
essential dignity of his person; the suitableness of his glorious offices in
the covenant of redemption; the greatness, freeness, and extent of his love
in becoming man, and expiring on the cross, that he might save rebellious
sinners; and, when this view of a loving Savior fills my soul with love,
admiration, delight, and joy, it may well be called a "marvelous light."
When the light of truth takes away the false glare of the world, and shows
me its real worth; that all is vanity and vexation of spirit; when every
thing is placed in its true light, and seen through a clear medium; and when
this view sobers my expectations, and weans my affections from the world:
then it is truly a "marvelous light."
When the light of truth unveils the world of spirits, and opens to my
wondering sight the unutterable glories of eternity; when I behold the
blissful seats, the happy mansions, and the peaceful abodes of the redeemed;
when I contemplate the fulness of their joy in being forever with their
Lord, and like their Lord; and when this prospect, of the saints felicity
makes holiness more lovely, and my breathings for the Spirit of grace more
ardent; when it makes me long and labor after an admittance, through faith
in Jesus, into those bright abodes: then it is a "marvelous light"
Oh, glorious Sun of righteousness, Oh, light of the world! shine into my
heart, that I may be light in the Lord; and walk as a child of light,
shining, by reflection, to your praise and glory. Oh! preserve me from
resting in outward forms, or barren speculations. Let nothing satisfy my
soul but the possession of yourself, dwelling in my heart by faith, and
filling me with peace and joy, blended with holy fear. Oh! grant that I may
ever prefer you to everything in earth or heaven; for you, blessed Jesus,
with the Father and the Holy Spirit, three persons in one Jehovah, are alone
worthy of all love, adoration, and praise. Everlasting praises shall be
given unto you by men and angels. Oh my soul, begin now the eternal anthem.
However feeble the string, yet let it vibrate to the praise of your God.
However weak your notes, yet let them ascend, in grateful adorations, to Him
who has loved you, and washed you from your sins in his own blood. To Him be
all honor, glory, and power, ascribed by every tongue, henceforth and
forever. Amen and Amen."
Oh you, from whom all blessings spring,
Accept the offering which I bring:
A grateful tribute—heartfelt praise,
For all the riches of your grace.
Shall I enjoy your bounty, Lord,
And not your boundless love record?
Oh! let me tell to all around
What joys in Jesus' name abound.
Jesus! your saving name contains
Eternal glories—endless gains;
The sinner, pardoned by your grace,
Is made your chosen dwelling-place.
Bless the Lord, my soul, and sing
Unceasing praises to your King,
Whose love through all his counsels shine,
Transcendent, matchless, and divine.